HomePage > Components and HowTos > Booting
root=/dev/ram0 because Puppy normally loads into a ramdisk.
Beginning with Puppy 2.11, loglevel=3 is used by default, which reduces the onboot display of messages to be limited to noncritical & critical errors. With Puppy 2.11 and later, the detailed boot messages are logged to /tmp/bootkernel.log, /initrd/tmp/bootinit.log, /tmp/sysinit.log. Detailed ongoing messages are logged to /tmp/xerrs.log (X) and /var/log/messages (kernel).
Using loglevel=4 would show everything mentioned before and warning conditions that should be taken care of.
Normally, without this parameter being specified, the log level would be set to 5, which would display everything mentioned before and normal but significant events. Recent versions of (Puppy 2.10 or later?) have the log level set to 3 in the kernel.
Using loglevel=7 would show all the messages during boot including kernel debugging messages, and would be recommended to use for troubleshooting problems during booting.
ACPI is available. Now if the BIOS is dated 2000 or earlier for Puppy 1.x or 2001 or earlier for Puppy 2.x then ACPI won't be used. But if you are sure that your BIOS has ACPI support anyways then use acpi=force to enable it. Now, also, using ACPI may cause problems with some computers, so you can outright disable it by using acpi=off. But some other options would be to use acpi=noirq to specify to not use ACPI for IRQ routing, add acpi=strict option to be less tolerant of platforms that are not strictly ACPI specification compliant (i.e. disable platform workarounds), and acpi=ht to run only enough ACPI to enable Hyper-Threading.
APM should be used if ACPI is not available. To enable/disable APM yourself, use apm=on or apm=off.
CompactFlash and other drives need this: ide=nodma
Do not use ACPI for IRQ routing or for PCI scanning. Doesn't disable as much as acpi=off does so try this instead if ACPI is causing problems.
Force the use of the PCI BIOS by not accessing the hardware directly. This means that the kernel should trust the BIOS, which is not the standard thing to do (as BIOSes are known to lie more often than they are known to be valid). Use this only if your machine has a nonstandard PCI host bridge and the normal boot method is not working properly.
Do not use the PCI BIOS, but access the hardware directly instead. This is the default method of probing for PCI devices in all kernels after 2.6.13 (which includes Puppy 2.x).
Use PCI BIOS calls to get the interrupt routing table. These calls are known to be buggy on several machines and hang these machine when used, but on other machines they are the only way to get the interrupt routing table. Try this option if the kernel is unable to allocate IRQs or discover secondary PCI buses on your motherboard.
Plug and Play (PnP) BIOS settings. pnpbios=on enables the PnP BIOS subsystem. pnpbios=off disables the PnP BIOS subsystem. pnpbios=curr tells the PnP BIOS subsystem to use the current static settings and pnpbios=no-curr tells the subsystem to probe for dynamic settings if possible.
There are some additional arguments for SCSI peripherals and old CD-ROMs (Non-SCSI/ATAPI/IDE). Also you can try ide1=0x180,0x386 or ide2=0x180,0x386 if your PCMCIA IDE CD-ROM is not being detected.
See Barry's old notes on configuring Puppy.
This page is suggested by http://www.murga.org/~puppy/viewtopic.php?p=8550#8550.
See also from Barry, for newer puppies Extended help at bootup
See The Linux BootPrompt-HowTo for a detailed explanation of most of the Linux boot prompt arguments.
The book, Linux Kernel in a Nutshell, specifically Chapter 9: Kernel Boot Command-Line Parameter Reference, is freely available online and is very helpful for more on this subject, as well.
For a more complete list, see the documentation in kernel-parameters.txt included with kernel source that you're Puppy is using. For example, kernel 2.4.22 is similar to the version used with Puppy 1.x or the one included with kernel 18.104.22.168 which would be similar for Puppy 2.x.
bootparam - Introduction to boot time parameters of the Linux kernel