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This is an old revision of ProgrammingLanguages made by darkcity on 2012-01-11 12:21:28.

 

HomePage > Components and HowTos > Programming

Which Programming Lauguage?


So what is a programming language anyway
Programming Languages are how people give instructions to the computer. For info see this wikipedia article.
Puppy has a few built-in, and more can be added

Overview of Languages included in Puppy

-- other languages in Puppy devx.sfs are Bacon, C++, Vala and Genie

Different Types of Languages

The code that a computer executes is binary, 0's and 1's. Humans have great difficulty creating such code directly so we use programming languages to create the binary code.
Assembler is a symbolic language humans use to represent each computer instruction, one at a time, which is translated into binary code.
Macro Assembler uses more powerful constructions that can generate multiple machine instructions from one line of code.
Interpreters are high level languages that are translated and executed line-by-line. This is a quick way to develop a program, but the execution is not as efficient. (examples are Java, Ruby, and Python)
Compilers are high level languages that are translated into computer code for later execution. (examples are C, C++, Fortran, BASIC) Compiling Help
The development process may be slower and more tedious, but this maximizes execution speed.
Shell Scripting Languages are not compiled and are a subset of Interpreted Languages. They are used throughout puppy for many tasks. (examples Bash, Ash)

Common Languages

C and C++ are the core languages used for writing Linux itself.

Other Languages

Puppy will use Murga Lua starting in 2.16 and may include a new control panel.
  • LuaProgramming MurgaLua is a scripting language that provides nice GUI's, Networking, Databases & XML in a small runtime (about 500k).
  • It makes it easy to create rich applications easily (preferably with a GUI builder)
  • It can deploy to both Linux and Windows with no changes to the code.
  • It isn't a completely cryptic and propriety language.

Examples of Programming Languages (mostly in Puppy)

PuppyBASIC - PuppyBackground, PBcdripper, Puppysearch, PBrename
TclTk Tcl/tk - Tkdvd, Pvolume, TKmines, TKdiff
Perl program using Gtk: http://www.murga.org/~puppy/viewtopic.php?t=3755
Java - jrisk.pup Shell Scripting - Puppy makes intensive usage of the scripting capabilities of the bash-shell.
examples: Network wizard, Pmount, Soxgui, Grafburn, Pfind, Pbackup
C with GTK1 - Gcrontab, Gtkfind, Gtksee, Dillo, SSH gui, Turma, uxplor, xpdq, Xproc.
http://www.murga.org/~puppy/viewtopic.php?t=11778

Contributing to Puppy

Currently there is no formalized method to contribute code to Puppy. If you want to contribute code just make a post on the forum.
If you would like to help find bugs in Puppy, there is a Mantis bug tracker for Puppy. It is currently only semi-official to the best of my knowledge.
forum link - link to bugtracker
Note: If you just want to view the bugs, you can login as login:guest password:guest

Getting Started Actually Programming in Puppy

If you want to program in C then you will need devx_214.sfs (if you are using Puppy2.14)
See Compiling for more info about setting up your environment.
PuppyBasic - you're pretty much all set, just check the PuppyBasic page for more help
see also WxBasicscript and WxBasic
TclTk Tcl/Tk - You're pretty much alll set also. Check the TclTk Tcl/Tk page for more help.

IDEs: (Integrated Development Environments)
KDE has Kdevelop
http://www.kdevelop.org/
Unfortunately, KDE is quite huge, so not by default in Puppy.
This might be a good alternative (no package yet):
http://women.kde.org/articles/tutorials/kdevelop3/
Qt Designer can use QT without the additional KDE libraries.
KDE is a desktop based on QT, but also requiring additional libraries.
An example for a QT application without KDE libraries is the web browser Opera.

A "classic" way to write programs for Puppy would be C / Gtk.
Tutorials see http://gtk.org
There also is a "visual" tool:
http://glade.gnome.org/
But we have no package for Puppy yet, as most of the programs made for Puppy are based on dialogs/scripts.
Also Glade might require a full Gnome installation (not sure though), while Puppy only uses the smaller Gtk subset.
Gnome is a desktop based on the Gtk libraries and many additional Gnome-libraries.
We only have a test version of Gnome, it is too bloated to be seriously maintained by us.
http://www.murga.org/~puppy/viewtopic.php?t=9599&highlight=gnome

An enhanced editor/IDE without visual designer:
http://www.murga.org/~puppy/viewtopic.php?t=9077&highlight=mingw
http://www.murga.org/~puppy/viewtopic.php?t=4413

for a gui designer for tcl there's visual tcl:
http://vtcl.sourceforge.net/

Languages IN Puppy:
Linux Script (similar to MS Dos batch files - ash and bash) Widely used by GuestToo and Barry
TclTk - LearnTclTk
Tcl/tk (pronounced tickle and very powerful and mature)
XUL - built into Mozilla, may have potential for Puppy.



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